Related research

Other publications and projects which are relevant to the BIOGEA project.



The European Commission proposals (2018)

The Commission proposals for the next long-term budget 2021-2027 were released 1 June and are undergoing scrutiny by stakeholders and the European institutions. The budget proposals for the CAP came out 2 May.


European Parliament resolution on the future of food and farming (2018)

The own initiative report agreed 30 May calls for more flexibility in the implementation of the CAP with choices given to the Member States under an EU framework.


European Parliament commissioned appraisal: Towards the CAP post-2020 – Appraisal of the EC Communication on ‘The Future of Food and Farming’ (2018)

A study examining the CAP Communication and making recommendations as to how the Parliament could develop its position on the Commission’s legislative proposals when they appear.


The European Commission vision (2017)

Released in November 2017, this sets out the Commissions vision for the CAP after 2021.


Responses from stakeholders and researchers





Arc Europe

CAP reform blog

Farm Europe

CAPeye (French only)

Platform of associations in Germany (German only)


CAP Greening Evaluations

The following references are the main evaluations of CAP greening which have been carried out so far and which are relevant to the BIOGEA policy analysis (WP 2).


Pe'er, G. et al. (2019)

A greener path for the EU Common Agricultural Policy

The authors examine whether the proposed post-2020 CAP can address key sustainability issues and meet societal demands for higher environmental performance.


RISE Foundation (2017)

CAP - thinking out of the box

Analysis of the CAP showing how it currently does not make the best use of the considerable resources deployed to support land managers through the necessary transition. 


European Commission (2017)

Report on the implementation of the EFAs

The Commission has assessed the implementation and effectiveness of the various greening measures in the first two years since the legislation came into force. A further evaluation is planned for the end of 2017.


European Commission (2016)

Review of Greening after one year

A review carried out at the end of the first year published in 2016 focused on issues such as the implementation of greening measures and whether they created a level-playing field, as well as their production potential. It also provided some limited detail on the effectiveness of the scheme.

Ecorys et al. (2016)

Mapping and Analysis of the implementation of the CAP

A study funded by the European Commission evaluating the greening measures and analysing their uptake across the EU.


EIP-AGRI (2016)

Benefits of landscape features for arable crop production

Review examining the evidence for wider ecosystem services that benefit crop production provided by the EFAs.


Underwood, E., Tucker, G. (2016)

EFA choices and their potential impacts on biodiversity

Overview produced by IEEP for BirdLife and EEB which summarises the evidence from the literature on the most popular EFA measures.


Pe'er, G. et al. (2016)

Adding some Green to the Greening

Overview of the potential impact of greening measures using expert opinion of their ecological impacts.


Pe’er et al (2017) 

Is the CAP Fit for purpose? An evidence-based fitness-check assessment.


DG Environment (2017)

Evaluation study of the payment for agricultural practices beneficial for the climate and the environment


European Court of Auditors report (2017)

Special Report n°21/2017: Greening: a more complex income support scheme, not yet environmentally effective


EU policy analysis

EU policy overviews examining the coherence of a range of environmental policies which have been drawn upon for the BIOGEA policy analysis (WP 2)


Rouillard, J. et al. (2016)

Deliverable 2.1 Synergies and Differences Between Biodiversity, Nature, Water and Marine Environment EU Policies, AQUACROSS Project

Policy analysis examining how aquatic ecosystems are included in a range of EU environmental policies. The analytical framework has been drawn upon for the BIOGEA policy overview (WP 2, D2b)


Schleyer, C. et al. (2015) 

Policy analysis of key regulatory frameworks in Europe, EU FP7 OpenNESS Project Deliverable 2.1

Policy analysis examining the coherence of the concept of ecosystem services in European environmental policy. The analytical framework has been drawn upon for the BIOGEA policy overview (WP 2, D2b)


Field work and biodiversity indicators

Field work methodologies and indicators relevant to the field work (WP 3)


Oppermann, R. (2015)

Landscape Infrastructure and Sustainable Agriculture (LISA): Report on the investigation in 2014

Describes the methodology and findings of the first year of the LISA project. The methodology in the BIOGEA case study areas builds upon this study.


Landscape variation and policy impacts

The following references come from projects in which the project team were involved which will be developed further in the BIOGEA modelling (WP 4).


Martin, E. et al. (2019)

The interplay of landscape composition and configuration: new pathways to manage functional biodiversity and agroecosystem services across Europe

Research article examining effects of landscape composition (% habitats) and configuration (edge density) on arthropods in fields and their margins, pest control, pollination and yields. Results suggesting that enhancing edge density in European agroecosystems can promote functional biodiversity and yield‐enhancing ecosystem services.


Concepción, E., Dıáz, M. et al. (2012)

Interactive effects of landscape context constrain the effectiveness of local agri-environmental management download.pdf

The research examined how landscape complexity determined effectiveness of local agri-environmental management in terms of effects on species richness of birds, plants, spiders and bees in 232 extensive and intensive paired fields and used models to to investigate how and why effects of local management intensity on species richness vary along wide gradients of landscape complexity. The methods used in this paper are developed in WP 4 of BIOGEA.


Concepción, E., Dıáz, M., Baquero, R. (2008)

Effects of landscape complexity on the ecological effectiveness of agri-environment schemes download.pdf

The paper presents a conceptual model for the relationship between landscape complexity and ecological effectiveness of AES based on (a) non-linear relationships between landscape complexity and abundance and diversity at field scales and (b) four possible interactive scenarios between landscape- and field scale effects on abundance and diversity. It evaluated whether and how effectiveness of AES interacted with landscape-scale effects of intensification along a landscape complexity gradient. The methods used in this paper are developed in WP 4 of BIOGEA.


Tools for farmers

Examination of how advice provision to farmers can be improved relevant to the development of advisory tools (WP 6)


Tzilivakis, J. et al. (2015)

Guidance and tool to support farmers taking aware decisions on Ecological Focus Areas

A prototype software tool is available to help farmers and farm advisers in the selection of Ecological Focus Area (EFA) elements. The aim is to deliver high environmental benefits and at the same time be realistic in terms of farm management. The software was developed in a study carried out by the University of Hertfordshire and coordinated by the JRC.