Timeline Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)

Friday, December 14, 2018

Developments of the Common Agricultural Policy

TIME EVENT CONTENTS
1957 Treaty of Rome

Contents (i.a.):

  • The respective agricultural policies of the founding countries of the then European Economic Community were replaced by common objectives of a European agricultural policy.
1962 Birth of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union (EU)

Main focus:

  • Market support

Emphasis:

  • Ensuring the supply of high-quality, safe and affordable food for European citizens
  • Support European farmers
1992 MacSharry CAP reform

Main focus:

  • Product support

Implementation of:

  • Supplementary income support
  • Direct payments per hectare for farmers
  • Compensatory payments in the livestock sector depending on the number of animals kept
1999 Agenda 2000 CAP reform

Contents:

  • Supplementary income support is replaced by direct payments
  • Promotion of environmental measures and food safety
  • Support for rural development – establishment of the second pillar of the CAP
2003 Fischler CAP reform

Contents:

  • Decoupling farm income support  from production
  • Introduction of the Single Payment Scheme
  • Linking direct aids to cross-compliance
  • Modulation: Permission to transfer funds between the two pillars
2013 CAP reform

Implementation of:

  • different direct payment schemes to farmers: basic payment, greening, redistributive payment, additional support for young farmers, small farmer scheme

CAP reform for the period 2021-2027

February - May 2017 Public consultations by the EC on the future of the CAP after 2020 Public consultations by the EC on the future of the CAP after 2020

29 November 2017

EC’s Communication on the The Future of Food and Farming

Contents:

  • More scope of action (subsidiarity) for member states
  • Support of young farmers
  • Promoting knowledge-based, sustainable and resilient agriculture
Since January 2018 Agriculture and Fisheries Council meetings on the CAP after 2020

    Contents:

  • Concrete timeline
  • In particular, the three legislative proposals of the CAP reform package:
  • Regulation on the CAP strategic plans,
  • Regulation on the common organisation of the market (CMO), and
  • Horizontal regulation on the financing, management and control system of the CAP.
29 May 2018 EC submits proposal for a council regulation laying down the multiannual financial framework (MFF) for the years 2021 to 2027

The MFF 2021-2027 includes €365 billion for the CAP (28.5% of the total EU budget):

  • 265.2 billion euro for direct payments
  • 20 billion euro for market support measures (EAGF)
  • 78.8 billion euro for rural development (EAFRD)
1 June 2018 EC publishes its legislative proposal for the next CAP after 2020

Main focus:

  • Shift of the focus from compliance with regulations to result orientation

Contents:

  • Introduction of CAP Strategic plans linking the objectives of both pillars
  • More subsidiarity for Member States
  • Introduction of eco-scheme in pillar 1
  • Replacement of “greening” with advanced environmental conditionality
  • Continuation of agri-environment climate commitments in pillar 2
June 2018 - May 2019 EC, Council and EU Parliament negotiate on the MFF and CAP Reform  
7 November 2018 Publication of the Opinion on the proposed CAP reform 2020 (7/2018) of the European Court of Auditors

Contents:

  • CAP reform proposal is not in line with EU efforts to make agriculture more environmentally friendly
  • Weakening accountability
  • Instruments to achieve climate and environmental objectives are not clearly defined and not translated into quantifiable targets.
  • Weakening of the audit assurance framework

CAP reform for the period 2021-2027

29 March 2019 Brexit  
Spring 2019 Planned agreement on the MFF 2021-2027  
May 2019 New elections of the EU Parliament  
November 2019 Term of office of the new EC starts  
2021-2027 Planned implementation of the CAP